Category Archives: Technology

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Facts About recurring famine in Somalia

Facts about Somalia’s recurring droughts and famine

The humanitarian crisis in Somalia has worsened and reached epic proportion. A recent report from WHO indicate there is high risk the country will face its third famine in 25 years. More than 6.2 million people – half of the total population are currently in urgent need of humanitarian aid, including almost 3 million facing food security crisis. Nearly 5.5 million people are at risk of contracting waterborne diseases, more than half of whom are women and children under 5 years of age.

Here are some more facts:
1) Over two decades of conflict have left 1.1 million of the population displaced in their own country, and almost a million RE refugees in neighbouring countries. High food prices, combined with a recurring droughts and floods have compounded poverty and continue to threaten livelihoods.
2) Overall, 73 percent of Somalis live on less than US$2 per day. Somalia has an estimated population of 12 million, half of the total population is currently impacted by the drought.
3) The last famine of 2011 killed a quarter of a million people. This was the first time a famine had been declared in the Horn of Africa region in nearly thirty years.
5) Life expectancy in Somalia is 51 years.
6) Somalia has chronically high malnutrition rates; one in eight children under five is acutely malnourished.
7) Somalia has one of the world’s lowest enrolment rates for primary school‐aged children – 42 percent of children are in school. Of those, only 36 percent are girls. 8) More than 60% of Somalia’s population is younger than 25 percent. The unemployment rate for youth is 67 percent – one of the highest rates in the world.
9) Somalia is frequently ranked as one of the worst places to be a woman. In 2014, Somalia came bottom of the global rankings in terms of maternal health, child mortality, education and levels of women’s income and political status.
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References:
The watchers
https://watchers.news/2017/03/04/drought-hunger-somalia-2017/

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She has the world on her shoulder

Look into her face and you see her broken soul. She has lost everything including livestock, family members and now she sits next to the only meager belonging she own in this world. What happened to our humanity when we allow a mother to have the world on her shoulder? We as humans have left her with nothing. She is hungry, thirsty, and has no more energy to walk. She sits and waits for us to deliver to her the most basic survival tools. We must come to her aid, we can’t stand by the side, and we must do better for this woman and her children and her neighbors.

Please Donte to this gofundme page!

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The disconnect of Environmental Issues in Somalia

What is the relationship between a poor mother in Africa trying to feed her children and the environment she lives in? Would she even know the environment is something to consider in her life. With growing demands of staying above the fray to simply survive her poor conditions, would she even know when the very issues that effect her environment is something she needs to consider just like the water that needs fetching and the food she needs to feed her family.
In Somalia I asked a mother of five why there was so much trash and so much plastic bags and plastic containers everywhere in the rural city of Ceergaabo in the Sanaag region. Her reaction to the question was bewilderment: This is trash and people have trash because that is just how its. When I further took my Western ideas of trash collection to her and asked how is trash sorted, she was dismayed I was asking how she manages her trash. Everything goes into the trashed fields. Plastic and all. Her face confirmed my questions were peculiar to her. People in her neighborhood were considered good if they didn’t discard everything in front of their house. The fact they walked the trash to the depilated collection area of the city earned enough praises. In this small town the collection and separating of trash was something beyond her comprehension. She had more pressing issues to worry about. The business of trash wasn’t one of them.

A few months after our conversation the on going drought in Somalia became so severe pastoral nomads lost their livestock and fled to the small city to safe what was left of family. This is still the most pressing issue in the Sanaag region of Somalia. When I asked some locals if they knew what was causing the drought, they all agreed it was because enough rains haven’t fallen for the season. The drought exasperated local families who had to share shelter, water and food with relatives who have lost livestock, family and any affinity to their villages. They were forced to move to the city because there was nothing left of their mere existence in the pastoral life in the village.

These pastoral nomads and small town dwellers who depend so much on the livestock in neighboring villages wouldn’t have the luxury of connecting the drought to the severe tree cutting, management of trash and overall awareness of their environment. To them the rains didn’t come and that is that.

It’s always easy to point to the environmental issues and the need to stop using trees for charcoal. But to bring these ideas in a cultural acceptable way to the locals needs effort and awareness campaigns, neither of which is available.
Locals haven’t simply made the decision to connect their lost livestock to the trees and the charcoal and the fire they use to cook their meals. That mind set is simply not there. The challenge to bring this mindset to the fore is as follows:

Environmental issues are not even an idea in the daily struggle of local residents. People deal with droughts, diseases and deforestation totally in a separate way. They don’t connect being environmentally aware and stopping certain practices could help the situation.

Poverty in their lives creates desperation to burn more wood for survival
Trash and its aftermath to the environment are not considered problems that directly affect daily life.

Solutions:

Local owned locally produced awareness solutions must embarked on
Embark on environmental campaigns
Create local partnerships to make campaign successful
Keep culture and local norms at the center of campaigns
Don’t discuss campaigns in terms of foreign ideals but concentrate on tradition and cultural norms
Solution’s that bring issues such as water borne disease and deforestation is a way they can see how the environment directly affects them.
Educate young people who are from the area to carry the awareness forward.
Let community see the benefits the awareness campaign has for its community
Let there be incentives for community to make the changes

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When Climate Change Kills

On the eve of Thanksgiving while Americans get ready to feast and give thanks, many across the globe are experiencing poverty in its most extreme form.

In Somalia a drought that has raged for three years has devastated families. Animals and family members are dying in record numbers.

According to the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA); due to the drought, 1.2 million Somalis are suffering food insecurity, a 20% increase in the number of people suffering from severe food insecurity in Somalia, according to data provided by the United Nations Organization for Food and Agriculture (FAO).

The report also states that in the last six months many Somalis are increasingly suffering from malnutrition due to lack of food.

According to estimates, nearly 320,000 children suffer from malnutrition in Somalia, of them, 50,000 face severe acute malnutrition.

OCHA also stated in addition to the poor food situation, an outbreak of cholera hit the country and since last January more than 13,600 cases were reported.

Losing family members and animals to this drought is devastating to poor rural nomads whose only commodity is their animal. When sold in the livestock market the proceeds feed the family, buy water, and it may even educate children. Owning a flock of animals is the only security a nomad family can depend on.

Now scores of families are losing everything they own to the drought. With a weak government that has no institutions and no International NGO presence in these rural villages, the severity of the situation is reaching crises point. The regions affected the most are the Northern regions of Somalia. Our partners in Somalia are reporting efforts by Somali Diaspora to help those affected, although the efforts are minimal.

We urge the International community including the WFP, The UN, USAID, The European Union and their partners to assist the drought ridden parts of Somalia with emergency aid such as food, water and shelter.

For more information please contact Humanity Against Poverty.
www.humanityagainstpoverty.org