Facts about Somalia’s recurring droughts and famine
The humanitarian crisis in Somalia has worsened and reached epic proportion. A recent report from WHO indicate there is high risk the country will face its third famine in 25 years. More than 6.2 million people – half of the total population are currently in urgent need of humanitarian aid, including almost 3 million facing food security crisis. Nearly 5.5 million people are at risk of contracting waterborne diseases, more than half of whom are women and children under 5 years of age.
Here are some more facts:
1) Over two decades of conflict have left 1.1 million of the population displaced in their own country, and almost a million RE refugees in neighbouring countries. High food prices, combined with a recurring droughts and floods have compounded poverty and continue to threaten livelihoods.
2) Overall, 73 percent of Somalis live on less than US$2 per day. Somalia has an estimated population of 12 million, half of the total population is currently impacted by the drought.
3) The last famine of 2011 killed a quarter of a million people. This was the first time a famine had been declared in the Horn of Africa region in nearly thirty years.
5) Life expectancy in Somalia is 51 years.
6) Somalia has chronically high malnutrition rates; one in eight children under five is acutely malnourished.
7) Somalia has one of the world’s lowest enrolment rates for primary school‐aged children – 42 percent of children are in school. Of those, only 36 percent are girls. 8) More than 60% of Somalia’s population is younger than 25 percent. The unemployment rate for youth is 67 percent – one of the highest rates in the world.
9) Somalia is frequently ranked as one of the worst places to be a woman. In 2014, Somalia came bottom of the global rankings in terms of maternal health, child mortality, education and levels of women’s income and political status.